Presentations

Innovation as Imperative to Sustainable Development: Meeting the New Challenges

 
 


Presentation at

Citenel V Congress on Technological Innovation in Electrical Energy

 June 22, 2009, Belem, Brazil

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The China Enforcement Case and Trends in International IP Protection

By Frederick M. Abbott

  
Presentation at Ninth Annual WTO Conference - May 20, 2009, BIICL, in cooperation with Institute of International Economic Law, Journal of International Economic Law and Society of International Economic Law
 
 
 

 

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Industrial Policy, Innovation and Economic Stress: opportunities and risks

Frederick M. Abbott

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200 years of Intellectual Property in Brazil: Seminar onIntellectual Property as an Instrument of Industrial Policy: Lessons and Challenges

Brazil Ministry of External Relations, in partnership with the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the Alexandre de Gusmão Foundation (FUNAG) and the National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI), Brasilia, April 29-30, 2009

Abstract

Global economic welfare is increasingly dependent upon rapid innovation to address critical problems of resource scarcity, climate change, security and public health. For the past decade, the preponderance of multilateral attention to innovation policy has focused on public health as threats from HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases threatened to overwhelm parts of the globe. More recently, attention has been shifting toward innovation policy to address the threats from climate change, as well as to address more general stresses on energy resources. Evidence of depletion of fisheries resources is demanding attention to marine research. Threats to global security are increasingly taking the form of technology-led incursions, while responses to security threats are increasingly high-tech. Each human era places its own unique demands on the “innovation community” and industrial policy. Yet it seems fair to suggest that since the end of the Second World War in 1945, the international community has not faced such a far-reaching combination of threats that demand technology-based solutions.

As if that were not enough, we are collectively in the midst of the most significant economic downturn since the Great Depression of the 1930s. This is not the time or place to review how this situation arose. For present purposes, it is important to note that the global financial crisis has placed enormous stresses on national governments to promote local economic stability and growth. And, a number of more economically and politically powerful national governments are choosing to promote economic growth through the adoption of stimulus plans that focus on innovation. The Chinese government, for example, has emphasized policies intended to promote scientific and technological advancement.

In many ways, Brazil and the United States share substantial opportunity in the current environment. Each is a large-economy country with resources to invest in innovation. Each is the home of industries capable of acting on a global economic stage. Though certainly there are areas of potential concern, neither is highly vulnerable to innovation as a form of protectionism or unfair trading practices. The greater concerns are for smaller economy and lesser developed countries that do not have the resources to “play in this game” and that may find themselves increasingly behind the technology curve. The adoption of “strong forms” of intellectual property will not create large pools of capital or substantial markets in these countries. As Brazil tackles the challenges of further refining its innovation policy, it will be interesting to see whether it evolves into a mercantile IP power, or forges an alternative course.

This era of global financial crisis presents risks and opportunities. The risk is that industrial policy and innovation will be used as new forms of trade protectionism. The opportunity is that massive government subsidization of technology programs will usher in a new era of security and prosperity. Policymakers must balance national and international interests carefully. For self-interested reasons, we cannot afford to leave half of the planet even further behind on the innovation curve.

 

Innovation and Technology Transfer to Address Climate Change: lessons from global policy development on intellectual property and public health (PowerPoint)

By Frederick M. Abbott

Presented at

ICTSD Dialogue 
Climate Change, Transfer of Technology and IPRs:
The Challenge of Evidence based Policy, Geneva, March 27, 2009

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Unweaving Our Tangled Patent Web: Negotiating a framework for the sharing of influenza viruses with human pandemic potential

By Frederick M. Abbott

  

Presented at

Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property, Berne, March 26, 2009

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Patent Landscaping in the Field of Medicines: Policy and technical options

By Frederick M. Abbott

Presentation for

Symposium on Public Policy Patent Landscaping in the Life Sciences

organized by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in cooperation with the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)

(April 7 and 8, 2008 - WIPO, 34, chemin des Colombettes, Geneva, Room B)

 

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Comparative Study of Selected Government Policies for Promoting Transfer of Technology and Competitiveness in the Colombian Pharmaceutical Sector (PPT)

 
 
Presentation to Colombian Industry Groups

 

Technical Consultant

August 22-23, 2007

Bogota, Colombia

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TRIPS II, Asia and the Mercantile Pharmaceutical War: Implications for Innovation and Access (PPT)

 
 

 

Presentation at

Stanford Center for International Development
Conference on Economic Challenges in Asia
May 31 – June 3, 2006

 

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Patent Licensing, Competition Law and the draft Substantive Patent Law Treaty

 
 
 
 
 

Open Forum on the draft Substantive Patent Law Treaty

World Intellectual Property Organization

March 2, 2006, Geneva

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Negotiations in the WTO TRIPS Council pursuant to Paragraph 6 of the Ministerial Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health

By Frederick M. Abbott

 

World Bank Seminar (Patents and Affordable Medicines: The State of Play at the WTO)

Washington, DC

February 3, 2003

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